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Women under 20

Regular health checks and screenings, in combination with a healthy diet and regular physical activity, can help to prevent disease or illness. Recommendations are made for how often you should have a blood pressure, skin and immunisation review.

Below is a list of the tests you should consider having. We have briefly listed what you are testing for, why you need to test and when to test, and for heart and cardiovascular health, the healthy limits for women.

The complete range of medical checks and screening procedures required throughout life will vary for every person, depending on individual risks, medical background and family history. Talk to your doctor about what tests you require to maintain your health.

Topics on this page

Heart & cardiovascular health

Blood pressure

Why: Make sure it's not too high

Normal: Less than 130/80mmHG

How Often: Every 2 years

Body mass index (BMI)

Why: Measure the best weight for your health

Normal: 20-25

How Often: Every 2 years

Ovaries & uterus health

Ovarian cancer screening

Why: Screen for changes in the ovary indicating ovarian cancer.

When: If you are at risk due to family history

How Often: As your doctor advises

Blood sugar

Glucose (sugar) check

Why: Testing for diabetes

When: If you are overweight or at risk of diabetes

How Often: Every 2 years

Bladder & bowel health

Bowel cancer test

Why: Screening for bowel cancer

When: If you have a family history of bowel cancer

How Often: As your doctor advises

Sexual health

Sexually transmissible infection (STI) check

Why: Screening for STIs

When: Before a new partner, or with a change of partner

How Often: As required

Chlamydia test

Why: Screening for chlamydia (STI)

When: If you are sexually active

How Often: Every year

Skin health

Skin examination

Why: Screening for skin cancer

When: From 18 years onwards

How Often: Every year

Eyes, ears & dental health

Eye examination

Why: Testing vision and retina health

When: If you are under 20

How Often: Every 2 years

Dental examination and cleaning

Why: Testing for tooth decay and gum disease

When: If you are under 20

How Often: Every year

Mental & emotional health

Mental health check

Why: Testing for anxiety, depression

When: If you are experiencing symptoms, such as anxiety, irritability or sadness

How Often: As needed


Reproductive health check

Why: Looking for factors that may affect the health of mother or baby

When: If you are looking to become pregnant

How Often: When you are thinking of/beginning to try to conceive

Immunisation review

Checking your immunity


  • Frequent changes to the influenza virus mean annual influenza vaccination is needed to provide protection against the most recent virus
  • If you are travelling to a country requiring vaccinations

When: If you have:

  • asthma
  • a chronic disease
  • are at increased risk of exposure

How Often: Every year for flu

HPV vaccination

Why: To protect children from the human papillomavirus (HPV) in adulthood and reduce their risk of cervical, penile, anal and throat cancer.

When: Vaccination Program is administered free through school-based programs to girls and boys aged 12-13.

How Often: Two injections in the upper arm 6-12 months apart. Girls and boys aged up to 19 who are not in the eligible school year levels can also obtain two vaccine doses for free from their local immunisation provider or doctor as part of the ongoing program. Those aged 15 or older at the time of their first vaccination require three doses for best protection.

This web page is designed to be informative and educational. It is not intended to provide specific medical advice or replace advice from your health practitioner. The information above is based on current medical knowledge, evidence and practice as at October 2018.

Last updated: 17 August 2021 | Last reviewed: 11 October 2018

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