arrow-small-left Created with Sketch. arrow-small-right Created with Sketch. Carat Left arrow Created with Sketch. check Created with Sketch. circle carat down circle-down Created with Sketch. circle-up Created with Sketch. clock Created with Sketch. difficulty Created with Sketch. download Created with Sketch. email email Created with Sketch. facebook logo-facebook Created with Sketch. logo-instagram Created with Sketch. logo-linkedin Created with Sketch. linkround Created with Sketch. minus plus preptime Created with Sketch. print Created with Sketch. Created with Sketch. logo-soundcloud Created with Sketch. twitter logo-twitter Created with Sketch. logo-youtube Created with Sketch.

Regular health checks and screenings, in combination with a healthy diet and regular physical activity, can assist in the prevention of disease or illness. Recommendations are made for how often you should have a blood pressure, Cervical Screening Test, blood sugar, breast, skin and immunisation review.

Below is a list of the tests you should consider having. We have briefly listed what you are testing for, why you need to test and when to test and, for heart and cardiovascular health, the healthy limits for women.

The complete range of medical checks and screening procedures required throughout life will vary for every person, depending on individual risks, medical background and family history. Talk to your doctor about what tests you need to maintain your health.

Topics on this page

Heart & cardiovascular health

Blood pressure (BP)

Why: Make sure it's not too high

Normal: 120/80mmHG

How often: Every 2 years

Body mass index (BMI)

Why: Measure the best weight for your health

Normal: 20-25

How often: Every 2 years

Ovaries & uterus health

Cervical Screening Test

Why: The Cervical Screening Test looks for the human papillomavirus (HPV), a common virus that can cause changes to cells in your cervix, which in rare cases can develop into cervical cancer

When: Between the ages of 25 and 74

How often: Your first Cervical Screening Test is due two years after your last Pap test. After that, you will need to have the test only every five years if your results are normal

Ovarian cancer screening

Why: Screen for changes in the ovary indicating ovarian cancer

When: If you are at risk due to family history

How often: As your doctor advises

Blood sugar

Glucose (sugar) check

Why: Testing for diabetes

When: If you are overweight or at risk of diabetes

How often: Every year if at high risk, otherwise every three years

Breast health

Breast self-check

Why: To check for changes that may indicate breast cancer

When: From your 20s onwards

How often: Every month

Bladder & bowel health

Bowel cancer test

Why: Screening for bowel cancer

When: As advised, if you have a family history of bowel cancer

How often: As your doctor advises

Sexual health

Sexually transmissible infection (STI) check

Why: Screening for STIs

When: Before a new relationship, or if a recent change in partner

How often: As required

Chlamydia test

Why: Screening for chlamydia (STI)

When: If you are sexually active

How often: Every year, ages 15-29

Skin health

Skin examination

Why: Screening for skin cancer

When: If you are 20-40

How often: Every year

Eyes, ears & dental health

Eye examination

Why: To test vision and retina health

When: If you are 20-40

How often: Every 2 years

Examination and cleaning

Why: To look for tooth decay and gum disease

When: If you are 20-40

How often: Every year

Mental & emotional health

Mental health check

Why: To test for anxiety, depression

When: If you are experiencing symptoms, such as anxiety, irritability or sadness

How often: As needed


Reproductive health check

Why: To look for factors that may affect the health of mother or baby

When: If you are looking to become pregnant

How often: When you are thinking of/beginning to try to conceive

Immunisation review

Checking your immunity


  • Frequent changes to the influenza virus mean annual influenza vaccination is needed to provide protection against the most recent virus
  • Whooping cough, rubella and tetanus vaccinations can wear off, so you may need booster shots

When: At risk of chest infection and prior to pregnancy

How often

  • Every year for influenza
  • For other vaccinations, discuss with your doctor

This web page is designed to be informative and educational. It is not intended to provide specific medical advice or replace advice from your health practitioner. The information above is based on current medical knowledge, evidence and practice as at October 2018.

Last updated: 09 December 2021 | Last reviewed: 11 October 2018

Was this helpful?

Thank you for your feedback

Related Topics